Herbert von Karajan
In 1946 the EMI producer Walter Legge signed Karajan to record with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and shortly afterwards made him principal conductor of his newly formed Philharmonia Orchestra in London. In 1955 Karajan succeeded Furtwängler as director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra and from 1957 until 1964 he was artistic director of the Vienna State Opera. He was also closely associated with the Salzburg Festival and initiated the Salzburg Easter Festival.
Throughout his career Karajan was a prolific recording artist, making many of his best records for EMI Classics. Being interested in the technology of recording he continued to make both audio and video recordings right up to the time of his death, his name becoming synonymous with the best in mainstream classical music for millions of people around the world. He died on 16 July 1989 aged 81 at his home in Anif, Austria.