20th Century Classics

20th Century Classics: Leos Janácek

2CD
19 Jan 2009

Barcode: 5099923760622

Composer: Leos Janácek
Other participants: Ian Bostridge, Thomas Adès, Sir Charles Mackerras, Sir Simon Rattle, Mikhail Rudy, Felicity Palmer, Ameral Gunson, John Mitchinson, Malcolm King, Jane Parker-Smith, CBSO Chorus, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Solistes de l'Opéra National de Paris, Philharmonia Orchestra

‘Folk music binds people together, uniting mankind with a spiritual bond of happiness.’ So saying, Janácek effectively declared his artistic credo. But the kind of folk music he was referring to wasn’t the popular ‘gypsy’ melodies of Brahms’s Hungarian Dances, but the indigenous folk music of his native Moravia, which ultimately formed the bedrock of his musical style.

The Sinfonietta (1926) began life as a fanfare written specifically to celebrate the independence of Czechoslovakia via a 1926 gymnastics festival in Prague. Later that year he added the other four movements dedicating the entire work to ‘the free Czech men and women of today’. The outer movements are physically uplifting in their radiant joy, whilst the second and fourth are heavily influenced by Moravian folk music, with its habitual repeated notes and unpredictable, stamping rhythms. In contrast, the central Moderato is essentially lyrical in tone, a mood which the decidedly sinister central section hardly dispels.

Dating from the same year and creative pool is the Glagolitic Mass, an exultant affirmation of the power of love and friendship. ‘In the tenor solo I hear a high priest,’ Janácek explained, ‘in the soprano solo a girlish angel and in the chorus our people.’ Although he had little time for organised religion, Janácek retained the custom of preceding and following the five choral sections with instrumental fanfares, and also includes a solo organ fantasia before the work’s uplifting final section. The fast attack and rate of decay of the piano (when unaided by the sustaining pedal) was particularly conducive to Janácek’s creative thinking, as witness the selection of seven haunting piano miniatures in this collection.

It also explains why when composing his piano Concertino (1925) and Capriccio for the left hand (1926) he chose accompanying ensembles devoted either exclusively to or highlighted by the piquant, pungent timbres of wind instruments. That same angular originality and textural flair illuminates the Violin Sonata (1914–21), whose terrifying emotional changeability was a direct response to the Great War. Similarly, Janácek’s great song cycle The Diary of One Who Disappeared (1917–19), which features a unique form of vocal writing that he called ‘speech-melody’.

Audio sample & Tracklisting

Disc 1 
01 I. Allegretto: Sinfonietta Op. 60  - Philharmonia Orchestra/Sir Simon Rattle 
02 II. Andante: Sinfonietta Op. 60  - Philharmonia Orchestra/Sir Simon Rattle 
03 III. Moderato: Sinfonietta Op. 60  - Philharmonia Orchestra/Sir Simon Rattle 
04 IV. Allegretto: Sinfonietta Op. 60  - Philharmonia Orchestra/Sir Simon Rattle 
05 V. Andante con moto: Sinfonietta Op. 60  - Philharmonia Orchestra/Sir Simon Rattle 
06 Uvod (Introduction): Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
07 Gospodi pomiluy (Kyrie eleison): Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
08 Slava (Gloria): Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
09 Veruju (Credo): Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
10 Svet (Sanctus): Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
11 Agneoe Bozij (Agnus Dei): Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
12 Organ solo (Postlude): Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
13 Intrada: Glagolitic Mass  - Sir Simon Rattle/City of Birmingham Symphony Orche 
14 I. Moderato: Concertino  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 
15 II. Più mosso: Concertino  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 
16 III. Con moto: Concertino  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 
17 IV. Allegro: Concertino  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 
Disc 2 
01 I. Potkal jsem cigánku (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
02 II. Ta cerná cigánka (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
03 III. Svatojánské musky (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
04 IV. Uz mladé vlastuvky: The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
05 V. Tezko sa mi ore (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
06 VI. Hajsi, vy siví volci (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
07 VII. Ztratil jsem kolícek: The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
08 VIII. Nehled'te, volecci, tesklivo k úvratím (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
09 IX. Víta, Janícku (mezzo, tenor & ladies chorus): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
10 X. Boze, dálný, nesmrtelný (mezzo & ladies chorus): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
11 XI. Táhne vuna k lesu (tenor & mezzo): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
12 XII. Tmavá olsinka, chladná studánka (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
13 XIII. Piano solo: The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
14 XIV. Slunécko se zdvihá (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
15 XV. Moji siví volci (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
16 XVI. Co jsem to udelal (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
17 XVII. Co komu súzeno (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
18 XVIII. Nedbám já vcil o nic (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
19 XIX. Letí straka letí (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
20 XX. Mám já panenku (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
21 XXI. Muj drahý tatícku (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
22 XXII. Sbohem, rodný kraju (tenor): The Diary of One Who Disappeared  - Ian Bostridge/Ruby Philogene/Thomas Adès 
23 Vzpomínka (piano)  - Thomas Adès 
24 Na památku: Posthumous Piano Pieces  - Thomas Adès 
25 Malostranský palác: Posthumous Piano Pieces  - Thomas Adès 
26 Moderato: Posthumous Piano Pieces  - Thomas Adès 
27 Zlatý krouzek: Posthumous Piano Pieces  - Thomas Adès 
28 Cekam Te!: Posthumous Piano Pieces  - Thomas Adès 
29 Narodil se Kristus Pán: Posthumous Piano Pieces  - Thomas Adès 
30 I. Con moto: Sonata for violin & piano  - Pierre Amoyal/Mikhail Rudy 
31 II. Ballada - Con moto: Sonata for violin & piano  - Pierre Amoyal/Mikhail Rudy 
32 III. Allegretto: Sonata for violin & piano  - Pierre Amoyal/Mikhail Rudy 
33 IV. Adagio: Sonata for violin & piano  - Pierre Amoyal/Mikhail Rudy 
34 I. Allegro: Capriccio  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 
35 II. Adagio: Capriccio  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 
36 III. Allegretto: Capriccio  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 
37 IV. Andante: Capriccio  - Mikhail Rudy/Solistes de l'Orchestre de l'Opéra Na 


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